Fabrics for most people were sewn from undyed linen and undyed wool. Upper class garments were frequently made of patterned fabrics, including silk and stiff brocade. Designs were mostly geometric, but the embroidery and jewels were what made this clothing distinct from other periods in history.
Just as in earlier centuries, the basic underlayment for Byzantine clothing was the tunic, woven individually on a loom, as were the trim, stripes and medallions.
The stola and palla were still worn by women, but during the 11th to 13 c. they became more heavily jeweled, representing the garments we think of today as Byzantine.
Mosaics and paintings show us the superhumeral, a heavily jeweled collar worn by royalty and priests(see Theodora's attendant, far left)..
Purple was reserved for the emperor, as were red shoes, usually decorated with golden scrolls.
One look at a Byzantine mosaic will make one wonder how they could walk in such richly designed garments.